A threat of a new wave of immigrants to EU if famine not averted
At least 4.4 billion dollars is needed by the end of March to avert a hunger “catastrophe” in Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan and Yemen, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres said. But according to U.N. data, only 10 percent of the necessary funds have been received so far.
Stephen O’Brien, the U.N. humanitarian chief, during the meeting with U.N. Security Council called the situation in Somalia and South Sudan “the largest humanitarian crisis since the creation of the United Nations”.
Famine has already been declared in two counties of South Sudan and 1 million people there are on the brink of dying from a lack of food, U.N. officials have said. Somalia has declared a state of emergency over drought and 2.9 million people of its people face a food crisis that could become famine, according to U.N.
The conflict-based hunger crises in Nigeria, Somalia and South Sudan have culminated in a trio of potential famines hitting almost simultaneously. Nearly 16 million people in the three countries are at risk of dying within months.
The neighboring African countries will feel the immediate consequences of famine, experts said. The U.N. refugee said Uganda was at a “breaking point” after more than 570,000 South Sudanese had arrived since July.
Others fleeing hunger could try to immigrate to Europe.
“We are going to see pressure on neighboring countries, in some cases people joining traditional routes both from the Sahel into Europe, or south into various destinations in Africa”, Joseph Siegle, director of research at the Africa Center for Strategic Studies told the Associated Press.
Amid this tragedy US President Donald Trump proposed foreign aid cuts that will substantially weaken the humanitarian assistance programs coordinated by U.N. World Food Program.